Peru expels Venezuela ambassador as pressure on Maduro grows

Sat 12 Aug 2017 at 11:47 International

NNA - Peru expelled Venezuelas ambassador on Friday as regional pressure built on President Nicolas Maduros government for allegedly trampling his countrys constitutional order.

The Venezuelan government retaliated by ordering the head of Perus embassy in Caracas to leave and called Peruvian President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski an enemy of Venezuela and of Latin American unity.

Peru gave Ambassador Diego Molero, a former Venezuelan defense minister, five days to leave the country. As part of what it said was a firm commitment to help restore Venezuelas democracy, Perus administration also refused to accept a diplomatic protest made by Maduro over Perus hosting this week of foreign ministers from 17 regional nations who refused to recognize the new, loyalist-packed special assembly that is to rewrite the constitution.

The action by Peru, which was the strongest yet from a Latin American government, came as the Trump administration weighed putting economic sanctions on Venezuela to punish Maduro for what Washington calls an illegitimate power grab.

A few hours later, Venezuelas foreign ministry announced that it was giving Perus top envoy in Caracas, Carlos Rossi, five days to leave the country. The statement also said Venezuelas ambassador in Lima had already returned to Caracas.

Perus president has until recently been a lonely exception among Latin American leaders in openly condemning Maduro. Kuczynski, a former Wall Street investment banker who spent decades living in the U.S., is frequently mocked on Venezuelan state TV and was once referred to as the empires lapdog by an official.

In the U.S., meanwhile, President Donald Trump escalated the rhetoric Friday by saying he hasnt ruled out military action against Venezuela.

Speaking to reporters at his Bedminster, New Jersey, golf club, Trump bemoaned the countrys growing humanitarian crisis and declared that all options remain on the table including a potential military intervention.

We have many options for Venezuela and by the way, Im not going to rule out a military option, Trump volunteered, adding, A military operation and military option is certainly something that we could pursue.

On Thursday, Trump said he discussed Venezuela along with North Korea and Afghanistan in a security briefing with top national security aides and Vice President Mike Pence. Pence is traveling to Colombia on Sunday to begin a regional trip that is expected to include discussions on how to deal with Maduro.

Maduro has tried to deflect the pressure from Washington, and on Thursday he said he wanted to meet with Trump, perhaps next month at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

Mr. Donald Trump, here is my hand, the socialist president told delegates at the constitutional assembly, adding that he wants as strong a relationship with the U.S. as he has with Russia.

Late Friday, the White House rejected the request to meet with Trump. A statement released late Friday by the White House press secretary said, Trump will gladly speak with the leader of Venezuela as soon as democracy is restored in that country.

Trump has asked that Maduro respect Venezuelas constitution, hold free and fair elections, release political prisoners, cease all human rights violations, and stop oppressing Venezuelas great people. ... Instead Maduro has chosen the path of dictatorship, the press secretary said.

The Trump administration has imposed sanctions on Maduro and more than two dozen other former and current Venezuelan officials.

Reaction in Latin America has been far more subdued, reflecting long-held reluctance by much of the region to encroach on a neighbors sovereignty and some lingering ideological affinity for the anti-imperialist revolution started by the late Hugo Chavez. Several attempts to punish Venezuela at the Organization of American States have failed due to a lack of consensus.

Maduros government has sent mixed signals about how much more confrontation it is willing to accept.

This week, the government-packed Supreme Court ordered the arrest of two Caracas-area mayors for protecting protesters in their districts. And on Friday, Tarek William Saab, installed as chief prosecutor after the constitutional assembly ousted his outspoken predecessor, warned that he would reopen investigations against protesters for the use of violence and even destruction of trees used to build barricades at demonstrations.

At the same time, the constitutional assembly on Friday said it would debate a proposal to push up to October elections for governors in all of Venezuelas states. Its a possible sign that the government is looking to negotiate a deal with the opposition, although many question if the constitutional assembly, which has a free hand to upend institutions, will even allow elections that were originally slated to take place last year will be allowed to go forward.

Also on Friday, Venezuelan Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino said security forces have captured the mastermind of a failed assault on a military base a week ago.

Former national guard Capt. Juan Caguaripano was captured in Caracas along with an active-duty soldier who allegedly collaborated with a small group of civilians and former officers that last Saturday raided a major military base in Valencia and walked off with a cache of weapons. ---Washington Post

========== R.K.

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